In Greece, New York, as in many other places around the country, the town board begins its monthly meetings with a prayer. While the audience members—including town residents and employees with matters pending before the board—bow their heads or join in, a chosen “chaplain of the month” delivers an invocation before the governing body’s business begins. The Town has had no formal policy for selecting this chaplain, but by regular practice, a municipal employee solicits volunteers from among those religious groups listed in the community guide and local newspaper. Until 2008, the list included only Christian organizations. And, although no town official reviews the content of the prayers before they are delivered, a “substantial majority” of those given have “contained uniquely Christian language.” Two town residents objected to the practice in 2007, and they filed suit when their complaints went largely unheeded. Eventually, the Second Circuit concluded that the prayers “impermissibly affiliated the town with a single creed, Christianity,” and in the spring of 2012 the Supreme Court granted certiorari. Then, in a development few saw coming, the United States filed an amicus brief in the summer of 2013—in support of the Town.